Hybrid thermal and membrane desalination technologies for the GCC countries

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Hybrid thermal and membrane desalination technologies for the GCC countries

Hybrid thermal and membrane desalination technologies for the GCC countries

Abdelnasser Mabrouk

Thermal desalination has established a stronghold in co-generation power-desalting plants in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman) where large amount of desalting water are needed and energy cost are considerably low. On the other hand, seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) has lower energy consumption due to the recent developments in membrane materials and energy recovery technology. Nevertheless, thermal desalination plants (MSF and MED) is still used in the GCC countries due to its better reliability compared to RO due to the challenging Gulf seawater conditions (elevated salinity, elevated temperature, elevated turbidity and red tides that have forced shut down of RO plants). Realizing the benefits and the challenges of the thermal and membrane technologies, process designers are investigating hybrid (thermal–membrane) configurations. The synergy of the present commercial hybrid thermal-membrane desalting plants is limited to using common intake/outfall facilities, and mixing the desalinated water of each system, while running independently at the same site...

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To cite this article: Mabrouk A. Hybrid thermal and membrane desalination technologies for the GCC countries. Journal of Desalination and Water Purification 2018;12:1-3.

To link this article: http://ababilpub.com/download/jdwp12-1/