Mangrove zone migration as seawater level change

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Mangrove zone migration as seawater level change

Mangrove zone migration as seawater level change

Daeng Siti Maimunah Ishak1,*, Santhana Krishnan2, Nahrizul Adib Kadri3

Mangroves are highly productive ecosystems that provide valued habitat for fish and shorebirds. Seawater characteristics play vital parts in mangrove life and associated physiological process. Changes in seawater level relates to the alteration of inundation level, distances, period of submergence and frequencies in a complex mangrove habitat. Ironically, mangrove lives in a nutrient-limited habitat but was classified as one of the highly productive ecosystem. Owing to the existence in marine environment and self-regenerating characteristics, mangrove maintain the nutrient cycles, salinity uptake, temperature stability, sedimentation processes and gaseous exchange from periodically seawater circulation. Despite the capability as self-regenerator, mangrove is a long-living and slow growing plant that cannot keep pace to seawater change when the intensity is too drastic. The drastic changes will induce the mass fatality, while the survival rate of mangrove trees would be reduced. Prolonged inundation will weaken root structures and expose seaward mangrove margin to vulnerabilities. In severe cases, mangrove sapling fails to survive in the affected perimeter and is replaced by other types of mangrove species...

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To cite this article: Ishak DSM, Krishnan S, Adib Kadri N. Mangrove zone migration as seawater level change. Journal of Desalination and Water Purification 2018;13:1-2.

To link this article: http://ababilpub.com/download/jdwp13-1/