Roadside urination and public sanitation facilities in Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. M. Hasan*, K. Basak, K. Rayhan
Roadside urination is a very common incident that impacts on both environment and public health.
A randomized face to face field survey was conducted at different spots.
Rickshaw puller is the main group who urinate at roadside.
People are necessitated to urinate at roadside due to insufficiency of public sanitation facilities.
Roadside urination is one of the crucial barriers for improving the sanitation situation of the city.
Mass migration, uncontrolled population growths, unplanned urbanization and lack of proper sanitation facilities (i.e. public/mobile toilets) are accelerating roadside urination in Dhaka city which impacts on society, environment and public health. As such this research focused very first time on this unhygienic but frequent incident of the city. Randomized face to face field survey was conducted at different roadside urination spots and public toilet locations in Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC). Four different questionnaire forms were prepared to cover four different groups of people. The survey covered total 364 people. Among ten different professions of urinators rickshaw puller was the main group who urinate at roadside. Majority percentages (80%) of people were found aware of this unacceptable practice but they were bound to urinate at roadside due to intense insufficiency of public sanitation facilities. Lack of law enforcement was also accountable for remaining this problem. Nearly half of the users were unsatisfied about the hygienic conditions of the existing public toilets. More than 70% of people relied on the effectiveness of privatization of this sector. The findings revealed that the frequent incident of roadside urination is one of the major barriers for improving overall sanitation practice of the city.