Physical, chemical and biological characterization of Lake Bardawil in northeast Egypt: A review


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Physical, chemical and biological characterization of Lake Bardawil in northeast Egypt: A review

M.A. Bek1,2,*, M.K. Elnemr3, Amimul Ahsan4,5

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The characterization of Lake Bardawil in northeast Egypt is presented.
  • It is a hypersaline shallow lake in Mediterranean shore of Sinai
  • Physical, chemical and biological properties of lake water are determined.
  • The most parameters were within the standard limits of WHO.
  • Due to forthcoming mega development projects, the lake characteristics are of highest importance.

ABSTRACT

Lake Bardawil is one of the most important and hypersaline lakes in the world. The lake has major contribution to wildlife habitats. The lake is considered as one of the important stations (rest point) for birds during the annual winter journey, in addition to other features of the lake. However, very limited literature review on the lake is available. The present paper is an attempt to provide a brief review on various aspects of the lake. Lake Bardawil lies on the fringe of the Mediterranean Sea. It is classified as a hypersaline shallow lake located along the Mediterranean shore of the Sinai region (31°09 N, 33°08 E), Egypt. The lake average area is 685 km2, and it extends for a distance of about 80 km, with a maximum width of about 20 km and a maximum depth of about 3 m. It is separated from the Mediterranean by a long convex sand bar; the main water body of the lake lies towards the east occupying a section along the coast of about 30 km long ending with Zaranik protected area. Due to the forthcoming mega development projects in Egypt, the lake characteristics are of highest importance for better management and conservation of this valuable ecosystem. The present results reveal that the values of most physical and chemical parameters are within the standard permissible values cited by World Health Organization (WHO).

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To cite this article: Bek MA, Elnemr MK, Ahsan A. Physical, chemical and biological characterization of Lake Bardawil in northeast Egypt: A review. Journal of Advanced Civil Engineering Practice and Research 2017;4:4-12.

To link this article: http://ababilpub.com/download/jacepr4-2/